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ГАЗ » 66

Designed as the replacement of the GAZ-63 truck in a payload class of 2 tons. The vehicle is fitted with an eight-cylinder liquid-cooled carburetor engine. The vehicle has all single drive wheels. The tire size is 12.00-18". The transmission is eight-step without interaxle differential. The transmission gear ratio range is 14.7. The final drive is of a hypoid type. There are selflocking gearless cross-axle differentials. The vehicle's equipment includes a hydraulic steering wheel booster, a hydrovacuum booster in the brake drive and a windscreen washer. The vehicle is of a cab-over-engine type and features a low gravity center with this giving the truck an enhanced stability, especially during turns. The truck was launched into serial manufacture in 1964. The first modifications of the vehicle were the GAZ-66-01, a high-sided truck without a winch, ahd the GAZ-66-02, a modification with a winch. In 1968, all modifications of the truck began to be fitted with a centralized tire air pressure regulation system. The vehicle received more than once upgrade during its serial manufacture period with this having resulted in the GAZ-66-11 and GAZ-66-40 modifications. All truck variants were used in the Armed Forces under the designation GAZ-66. In 1998, the Gorky motor vehicle plant stopped large-scale serial manufacture of the truck and began to produce it in small batches which had continued to be deployed with troops. In 1999, the production of the GAZ-66 was stopped. 965,941 vehicles were manufactured during that period. The vehicles of the latest manufacturing series had a multi-purpose cargo bed of a new design unitized with the GAZ-3309 commercial truck. The GAZ-66 was exported in large quantities. Main versions: GAZ-66-1 (1964-1968) - the first model with no centralized system for adjusting the air pressure in the tires GAZ-66A (1964-1968) - with a winch GAZ-34 - a 6 × 6 prototype GAZ-66B (1966) - Airborne version with telescopic steering column, folding roof and folding windshield frame GAZ-66D (1964-1968) - the chassis with a power take-off GAZ-66P - tractor (experimental) GAZ-66E (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment GAZ-66-01 (1968-1985) - the base model with a centralized control system for tire pressure GAZ-66-02 (1968-1985) - with a winch GAZ-66-03 (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment GAZ-66-04 (1968-1985) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment GAZ-66-05 (1968-1985) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch GAZ-66-11 (1985-1996) - upgraded base model GAZ-66-12 (1985-1996) - with a winch GAZ-66-14 (1985-1996) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment and a power take-off Military versions GAZ-66-15 (1985-1996) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch GAZ-66-16 (1991-1993) - modernized version with ZMZ-513.10, reinforced tires (wheels - lean), completed the brakes, the platform without intruding wheel niches (also installed on GAZ-66-11 and GAZ-66-40 ), load capacity 2.3 tons GAZ-66-21 (1993-1995) - the national-economic modification with the dual tires and rear axle wooden platform GAZ-53, load capacity 3.5 tons GAZ-66-31 - chassis for trucks GAZ-66-41 (1992-1995) - a naturally aspirated GAZ-544 diesel engine GAZ-66-40 (1995-1999) - with a GAZ-5441 turbodiesel GAZ-66-92 (1987-1995) - for use in the far north GAZ-66-96 - chassis for shift buses Export versions GAZ-66-51 (1968-1985) GAZ-66-52 (1968-1985) - with a winch GAZ-66-81 (1985-1995) - for countries with a temperate climate GAZ-66-91 (1985-1995) - for countries with a tropical climate Weight - 3,640 kg. Wheel arrangement - 4x4. Payload - 2,000 kg. Dimensions - 5,655x2,322x2,440 mm. Base - 3,300 mm. Front wheel track - 1,800 mm. Rear wheel track - 1,750 mm. Engine - 8-cylinder, 115 hp, carburetor, liquid-cooled type. Top speed - 95 kph. Fuel endurance - 875 km.

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ГАЗ » 63 / 63A

The Gorky motor vehicle plant began to develop the GAZ-62 cross-country truck in April 1938. The first prototypes of the GAZ-62 were built in March 1939 and in December 1940. These were tested successfully but the work on the advanced truck model was discontinued with the outbreak of the war. It was only in February 1943 that it was resumed. In November 1943, a prototype with the Studebaker cab and wings designated the GAZ-63 was manufactured. The vehicle featured single-tire rear wheels that had the same track as the front ones. A transfer gearbox with a splitter was added to the GAZ-51 gearbox. Apart from the reduction gear, the splitter had a direct drive which enabled reduction of mechanical losses in the transmission and of the fuel consumption. The front wheel drive was made discon-nectable with the locking mechanism disabling actuation of the reduction gear when the front drive was disconnected. The transfer gearbox location was selected such that the cardan shafts for the front and the rear axles had an identical length. A winch was installed at the GAZ-63A front for self-retrieval with a towing capacity of 4,500 kgf. The winch drive was from the engine via the power takeoff gearbox. Serial manufacture was launched on 31 September 1948. In 1949, the truck design team was awarded the Stalin prize. The truck was in serial manufacture till the summer of 1968. Altogether, 474,464 trucks of all modifications were manufactured. These were exported to socialist countries, as well as to Finland and Asian, African and Middle East countries. The vehicles produced based on the GAZ-63 included the GAZ-40 (BTR-40) armored personnel carrier, the BM-14-17 (8U35) rocket artillery fighting vehicle, communication vehicles, tank trucks, buses, fire engines and other special-purpose vehicles. Dimensions - 5,525x2,200x2,445 mm. Base - 3,300 mm. Track - 1,588/1,600 mm. Road clearance - 270 mm. Turning radius - 8.7 m. Weight: fitted vehicle - 3,280 kg, full weight - 5,350 kg. Payload: highway - 2,000 kg, offroad - 1,500 kg. Permissible weight of towed trailer - 2,000 kg. Engine: type GAZ-51, number of cylinders - 6, volume - 3,485 cm3, power - 70 hp. Wheel arrangement - 4x4. Tire size - 10.00-18". Fuel tank - 95+105 liters. Maximum speed - 65 kph. Fuel endurance - 675 km. Fording depth - 0.8 m. Maximum climb angle - 28 degrees.

63 / 63A63 / 63A63 / 63A63 / 63A

BAZ » 69505

In the early 90s Grabowski Factory of Special Vehicles on a chassis of BAZ-69505 made a prototype of tanker ATZ-5609 with a tank capacity of 40 m³. It was designated as ATZ-5609 and was supposed to be used for military purposes.

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BAZ » 69501П (69504)

12-ton commercial chassis BAZ 69501P (69504) was equipped with two 210-hp KamAZ engines. It got an all-metal flatbed cargo platform. Its dimensions - 6500x2816x557 mm.

69501П (69504)69501П (69504)69501П (69504)69501П (69504)

BAZ » 69506

BAZ 69506 is the prototype of the special flatbed chassis with a payload of 14 tonnes, developed for military purposes. It was a part of a second series of the range "Base-1". The main purpose of its development in such a bad moment in a heart of democratic transformation was connected with necessity of replacing twin-engined BAZ 69501 with a new model. After a devastating fire in the engine facility of KamAZ factory, the company stopped deliveries of engines to BAZ. That's why engineers decided to return to many years ago and use an old YAMZ diesel, which had been installed previously on BAZ-135MB. So, BAZ 69506 with a plastic cabin got a 300 hp tubocharged diesel engine YAMZ-238N with a new pre-heater, 8-speed gearbox and a transfer gearbox. Top speed was reduced to 60 kph. Fuel consumption was also reduced to 56 l/100 km, while range was increased to 1036 km. The main units were similar to BAZ 69501. BAZ 69506 passed military tests, but never went to service.

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